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FRANCISCO DOMINGO MARQUÉS

( Valencia, March 2, 1845 - Madrid, 1920)

 

In his early teens Francisco Domingo Marqués was a student of the famous professor Rafael Montesinos. The provincial deputies of his town must have seen the special skills of the young apprentice during his studies in the Academy of San Carlos in Valencia. He made a good use of the prize for the culmination of his studies in the Eternal City that he was awarded in Rome in 1867, a scholarship which Domingo Marqués spent during several sponsored travels to Paris, the city where he would return a bit later in his life, this time to establish his second residence there. It is for sure that he must have been very talented indeed, because in 1868, when he was only 23 years old, he was already a professor of the Academy of San Carlos. Santa Clara, which was painted by him in Rome, got the painter the first medal in the National Exhibition in 1871; some imperfections in this painting can be explained by scrupulous work that Domingo Marqués did when he was studying the best examples of the Spanish painting. He added to this work and some other works that followed a captivating modern familiarity in the technique, chromatism and composition. It was not without reason that his first works were influenced by the sober and restrained palette of Eduardo Rosales that was partially the same as that of Velázquez and Goya.

Cat

He travelled many times to Madrid where he dedicated himself to the decoration of the palaces of Fernán - Núñez and Portugalete, working passionately, his style being realistic but very close to expressionism. He achieved this light and free technique in the course of his studies of Velazquez and Goya as it had already been said, but in his interpretation it becomes more accurate and scrupulous. During his stay in Paris he was fascinated by the masterful brilliant technique of the virtuoso Mariano Fortuny, but he was well-known too, not only in Spain but also abroad; and there were not many Spanish painters who could compete with him for such a position. Domingo Marqués was also interested  in the historical painting, as many others at that time, because it was a genre that demanded the utmost of painter’s capacities, and also traditional scenes, landscape paintings, portraits, among which a portrait of Alfonso XIII that was especially famous. He had enough time to dedicate himself to less important themes that allowed him to show the best of his technique, for example the Cat that is kept in the gallery and that evokes so many reminiscences of the animals which are represented in the Spanish painting. The canvas of the light and perceptible facture proves the artist’s experience and skills in the chromatic combination of the blue colour, marked by the white body of the cat in the centre. To the honours that the artist got in Spain we can add the election as a member of the Royal Academy of Amberes in 1889, the proof of the fame that was spread abroad. He died in Madrid in 1920, leaving after him a son by the name of Roberto who was also a painter.

Scene with musketeers, 1890

 

Coast Scene

 

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